Pomeranian: Important Facts and Care Tips

The Pomeranian dog (also known as Pom or Zwergspitz in some countries) is a small-sized breed of the Spitz family named after the Pomerania region in Germany ad Poland. Pomeranians are considered a symbol of royalty as they were made popular by royal families since the 18th century. If you’re considering buying or adopting this beautiful and tiny dog as your new pet, keep reading to learn some useful and interesting facts.

Appearance of the Pomeranian

First of all, although not officially recognised by Pomeranian breeders many prospective owners will think there are different varieties of the Pomeranian breed: Teacup, Toy, Mini, Miniature, Pocket, Teddy Bear and Standard. In fact, this is not the case and Pomeranians only come in one registered variety.

Pomeranians stand 5-11 in (13-28 cm) at the withers and generally weigh between 4.2-7.7 lb (1.9-3.5 kg). This breed is compact but of sturdy build with an abundant textured, double coat with a highly plumed tail set high and flat. Poms are well known for the ruff of fur on their neck and they come in the widest variety of coat colours of any dog breed including white, black, brown, red, orange, cream, blue, sable, black and tan, brown and tan, spotted, brindle, plus combinations of those colours and merle which is a recent colour developed by breeders. The outer coat is long, straight, and harsh in texture while the undercoat is soft, thick and short.

The average life expectancy of a Pomeranian is 12 to 16 years.

So you want to buy or adopt a Pomeranian?  

Every dog has specific traits and temperament you should thoroughly research before welcoming a new pet into your home. Be sure to fully understand the breed and if it will suit your lifestyle and expectations before buying or adopting a dog. 

Temperament: Pomeranians are usually friendly and playful dogs however they can be aggressive towards other pets as they are very alert and aware of the territory. This means that although ideal if you live in a flat, your new Pom may bark quite often to inform you of a stranger approaching the house. If you have sensitive neighbours this is an aspect to keep into consideration. As with all pets, a Pomeranian will need to be properly socialised and trained to reduce the risk of your dog becoming aggressive towards other animals or people.

Exercise Requirements: All dogs need to be active and go for a stroll or run at the park. The Pomeranian is no different and it requires a minimum of one walk every day. As this breed is very lively and intelligent, you may want to mix it up by introducing indoor games and training so that your pet doesn’t get bored and releases any build-up energy. A pooch that doesn’t get sufficient exercise will most likely become anxious and cause trouble at home like chewing and barking. This type of dog responds very well to training so it will be a pleasure to teach your pet some new tricks and commands.

Pomeranian Sable

HealthPomeranians are subject to mostly the same health issues as any other breed although hip dysplasia has a lower incidence because of their lightweight build. Among the most common diseases affecting this type of dog we can count:

  • Patella Luxationwhen the knee caps move out of place causing your dog to be in pain while moving. The first sign of this condition often displays when your pooch is walking or running holding one of the back legs up every few steps.
  • Tracheal collapse - caused by weakening of the tracheal rings in the windpipe. The symptoms of a collapse include a honking cough, an intolerance to exercise, fainting spells and a cough that is worsened by hot weather, exercise and excitement.
  • Open Fontanel - just like humans, dogs too are born with a "soft spot" in the head. Any breed can have an open fontanel however this conditions is mainly associated with small-sized type of dogs such as Pomeranians. In most cases this is not a problem to worry about as the hole will usually close as the dog ages, however it is an hereditary condition so it is important to ask the breeder when purchasing your Pom.
  • Alopecia and Hyperpigmentation - respectively, hair loss and darkening of the skin.
  • Heart conditionsPomeranians can be subject to murmurs and enlarged hearts. Although these conditions are usually not life-threatening, they can sometimes be severe and require ongoing medications. 

    As with any pet, it is essential to monitor your Pomeranian's behaviour and learn to understand any sign of illness or distress. Always inspect your dog's eyes and ears, and be sure to keep it fit with a balanced diet and regular exercise. Like many toy-size breeds, the Pomeranian can suffer from early tooth-loss so it is important to regularly inspect and brush your pooch's teeth. 
    Be sure to frequently have your pooch checked by an experienced vet to prevent any diseases. 

    Grooming: As one will easily notice, Pomeranians can be quite high maintenance as it regards keeping their coat beautiful and tidy. Although grooming this breed is not difficult, it is recommend that it be done daily to maintain the quality of the fur and because of its thickness and (unfortunately) constant shedding. Consider trimming your pet's coat every 1–2 months to prevent it from easily tangling, particularly during moulting seasons which occur twice a year. It may be best to have a professional groomer style your Pom's fur and clip its nails. Keep your dog's eye and ear area clean to prevent infections that may turn into chronic diseases. 

Give your pet the attention and love it needs!

Although this breed doesn’t require much exercise, it still needs to interact with the owner and other people in order to feel as part of the family. Spend time engaging in games with your pooch, strengthen the relationship and you will soon realise how this breed can unconditionally return all the affection it receives.

Author Marino
Author: Marino Tilatti
Member of PetsForAll Editorial Stuff
Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Learn more