Pugs: Important Facts and Care Tips

The Pug is a popular dog breed immediately recognisable for its short-muzzled face and curled tail. These sturdy, compact dogs are among the first choice as family pet thanks to their friendly and playful nature. If you're ready to adopt or buy a puppy from a breeder keep reading to learn some interesting facts and useful tips that will help you prepare for your new best friend.


Pugs are famous for their unique physical features which include a wrinkly and short black muzzle, curled tail and compact body. The smooth coat of a Pug comes in a variety of colours such as fawn, black, apricot fawn and silver fawn. The signature black marking on this breed face is framed by distinctively shaped ears which can be either "rose" or "button" shaped. Despite being registered as part of the Toy group, Pugs are quite sturdy and they stand on strong, straight legs. 

If you already own a Pug you'll know how charming and sensitive this type of dog can be. In fact, the breed is known for being highly responsive to the mood of its owner, somewhat needy and yet very friendly towards other pets and people. Pugs are among the most popular family pet as they are often very fond of children so if you're thinking about the perfect breed for your family you may find the perfect animal companion in a Pug. 


Dietary Requirements

Maybe because of their compact body or because of the wrinkles we are used to seeing on their face and torso, many dog lovers believe that Pugs are supposed to be chubby. However, this is not the case and as any other type of dog Pugs should follow a balanced diet without being overfed. 

Because of its lazy nature, the Pug can easily put on excess weight causing a whole lot of health issues related to obesity. If your pet is still young, consult with an experienced vet on the best puppy food to buy for your Pug to get all the nutrients necessary for it to grow into a healthy adult dog. In case you adopt a pooch that has already reached maturity or maybe even a senior Pug, best to monitor its weight and ensure it gets the right level of exercise to prevent excess wight from building up. 

As a general rule, all dogs should be fed based on their age, size and activity level so give this aspect of their life the right amount of care. Check out this article for an overall advice on how to feed your dog

Exercise Requirements

No dog can be healthy and most of all happy without some daily exercise. However, if you're thinking about buying a Pug you'll be pleased to know this breed doesn't require hours of running or hiking to be satisfied. 

Due to their short muzzle Pugs can show signs of discomfort in breathing when they get overly excited, particularly during the warmest times of the year. So, monitor your pooch while you're out on a walk and ensure it is not struggling to breath. If you're fond of outdoor sports and enjoy going for a run your Pug might prefer to wait for you in the comfort of the house and only join you for a short stroll in the neighbourhood. 

In summertime when the temperature rises it's important that you keep your Pug indoors as much as possible during the warmest hours. This breed is subject to overheating as the short airways don't have enough time to cool down the air that comes in through the nostrils, and thus the body temperature. Instead, entertain your pup by starting a game of fetch at the park or in the house without the risk of over-exercising it, and keep a bowl of fresh water always available.

Pug, dog, puppy

Grooming your Pug

Despite the short coat and small size, Pugs need to be groomed on a daily basis. This breed requires a little extra care compared to other dogs as it needs to be brushed, bathed and groomed quite frequently in order to be healthy. Remember, those cute face wrinkles can build up quite a bit of dirt so it is important that you establish a routine and clean each and everyone of them to prevent bacteria and germs from spreading. If you're dealing with a young puppy best to immediately get it used to being handled for a daily brush, nail clipping and even bathing. You may prefer to see a professional groomer in the beginning so that you can ask for tips on how to groom your pet at home.

Pugs will generally have an under-bite which is considered part of their charm. However, this physical feature may cause some issues in chewing and digesting food properly. Another reason to regularly inspect your dog's mouth and brush its teeth. Again, try getting your pooch used to being handled by the mouth and make sure you use a soft and small toothbrush. 

Pug, dog, puppy

Regular Vet Checkups

As with any pet, your Pug must be regularly seen by an experienced vet for routine checkupsThis breed is subject to a number of health issues partly because of their appearance.

Specifically, Pugs can suffer from eye injuries like proptosis, scratched corneas and painful entropion because they lack skeletal brow ridges, and the obvious respiratory issues affecting many brachycephalic breeds. Moreover, Pugs are prone to obesity mainly due to their lazy nature which is often enabled by owners who unknowingly increase the chances of their pooch to develop leg and joint pain or diabetes. Another common condition affecting this unique breed is skin dermatitis due to the many wrinkles on a Pug's face and body getting infected.

As you see, it is vital that you establish a routine and visit the vet multiple times per year to ensure your dog is not developing any of the typical health issues affecting the breed. 

General Care

Because of their small size and short coat, Pugs are fond of indoor living and should not be treated as "outdoor dogs". Although this breed copes better in cooler weather, you shouldn't leave your pooch out in the backyard for too long. Consider purchasing a dog jacket or rain coat for your walks in winter times as Pugs suffer in cold temperatures and will easily become distressed. 

Pugs are very affectionate and will always seek some sort of interaction with their owner and family. 

If you're a full-time worker with little free time available, think carefully before adopting this breed as it won't appreciate being left on its own for too long. Make sure you can dedicate time to play, groom and most of all bond with your pet on a daily basis, and enjoy the unconditional love a Pug is capable of giving you!

Pug, dog, puppy
Author Marino
Author: Marino Tilatti
Member of PetsForAll Editorial Stuff

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