Bichon Frise

Also known as: Bichon Habanero, Havanese Cuban Bichon, Bichon Tenerife, Bichon Frise, Bichon a poil frise, Havaneser, Havanezer, Youcef Sorry, Bichon Havanês
  • Bichon Frise - a poil frise
  • Bichon Frise - Havanais
  • A%20poil%20frise
  • Havanais

General description

Bichons are perfect pets for a variety of different apartments. A Bichon will adapt to apartment life and prefer it, especially if shared with the family. A Bichon can't be left alone too long and doesn't appreciate low temperatures. This dog breed is capable of beautiful interaction with children and a good level of socialization with other dogs. Bichons require regular care for their coat which can sometimes become expensive, however they are quite healthy throughout their lives. A Bichon should be fed twice per day and without giving in to its demands in order to keep a healthy pet.

Bichon Frise in short

Aspect and attributes

Characteristics accepts by FCI:

  • Colors: white, black, charcoal
  • Hair: silky, curly, long
  • Coats: double color, solid

Despite the appearance of a Bichon's frame, this is quite a strong and round-build type of dog. A unique trait which is most noticeable in the chest area and can sometimes be highlighted by the peculiar shape of the Bichon's hips which are rather fitted to the stomach. The unique structure of the Bichon's coat defines other important differences between the Frise and the Havanese which tends to be more linear and settled than the former.

Looking for Bichon Frise?

Costs and maintenance

Maintenance cost for a Bichon depends on certain features of the breed. This dog type is perfectly within the average as it regards food expenses which are strictly linked to the owner's ability to balance the pet's diet to two meals per day. Bichons are also generally healthy with no particular issues of sort, however a bit more attention is required for their coat which should always be treated by an expert groomer and therefor demanding a higher expenditure on a regular basis.

Expenditures within average with particular care for the fur

Characteristics Summary


Suitability to apartment life

The size of the Bichon Frise is not deceiving. This breed is perfectly suitable for life in an apartment, even if quite small. The Bichon Frise is amongst the most beloved breeds thanks to its convenience, ability to interpret this kind of lifestyle, and because of all the traits which are perfectly suitable to apartment life such as its ability to understand the different context within the house and when to give into more energetic activities or calmer ones.

Perfectly suitable to live in a unit

Tolerance for solitude

The presence of family members or owner is absolutely vital for a Bichon. This type of dog can only be left alone for a few hours not because otherwise it will become an issue or cause trouble in the house, but because the desire to spend time with its family is a true necessity. A Bichon Frise that spends too much time alone can develop a quite severe form of separation anxiety.

Bichons should never be left alone

Suitable as first pet

Except for a few general aspect which can also be found in other breeds, Bichons are quite suitable for inexperienced owners. This breed's unique features, amongst which the ease in adapting to different environments such as different size apartments, will make life easier for owners about to choose their first dog. The typical tameness and inclination to a loving relationship with their master make Bichons Frise the ideal choice for first time dog owners.

Very suitable as first dog


It is important not to create a confrontational kind of bond with Bichons. This may occur when the owner chooses a type of training that is too "harsh" for this type of breed. Bichons are very sensitive towards this kind of approach and could develop an inappropriate interaction with their owner, such as being to submissive or scared where there is no reason. It's important to establish a balanced communication with this type of dog, developing a relationship based on positive reinforcement and firm but not excessive commands.

Within average, without forcing the training method

Tolerance for cold temperatures

Bichons Frise are physically delicate. Don't be fooled by the rather thick coat. A Bichon's fur actually covers a rather tiny body which lacks a strong muscular build in the torso and leg areas. This is the reason why, a Bichon Frise struggles to tolerate rigid temperatures. Such issue can be bypassed by providing the proper cover for a Bichon's sensitive areas during its daily exercise in such weather conditions.

Within average, with some care

Tolerance for high temperatures

Small-sized dogs such as the Bichon Frise are quite able to withstand high temperatures and excessive levels of heat. This feature makes it easier for Bichons to tolerate extremely high temperatures, even in their favorite environment: the house. This disposition shouldn't be a reason to lower the guard and the owner should always be able to tell if their pet is displaying signs of distress to extreme weather conditions.

Very tolerant to high temperatures

Friendliness and sociability

Affection towards family

This is the most obvious feature in a Bichon Frise. This dog type lives for showering its family with profound affection. In comparison to other dog breeds, Bichons see affection as an absolute necessity to maintain a proper physical and mental balance. This unique trait, makes the Bichon Frise quite appreciated and suitable for roles such as therapy dog for lonely and struggling people.

Absolute affection towards the family

Friendly towards children

Bichons not only love to spend time with their loved ones but also with children. This is due to the Bichon's inclination to spend every day engaging in playful and constructive activities which clearly come more naturally when interacting with kids. This trait is always really appreciated by those about to choose a puppy for their kids and, in this regard, a Bichon Frise pup is the perfect candidate.

Absolutely friendly with children

Relationship with strangers

Bichons Frise are perfect masters of the house. This is a rather important feature of the breed given Bichons tend to spend majority of their time in the house with the owner. In this sense, it is important to manage the dog's reaction when having to interact with strangers entering the house or approaching the Bichon outside. Following the initial adjustment period to the person interacting with it, the Bichon Frise is fully capable of developing a respectful and elegant relationship with unfamiliar people communicating with the owner.

Great tolerance towards strangers

Friendliness towards other dogs

In this regard, it is important to clarify that many dog breeds will be capable of being tolerant and well socialized with other dogs only if they are raised to do so. A great deal of the Bichon's ability to have a peaceful interaction with other dogs depends on how it was raised and in what environment it was given the opportunity to communicate with them. Socialization with other dogs is an aspect to consider when raising a Bichon Frise puppy.

Quite friendly towards other dogs

Care and health

Coat care and shedding

Despite the unique coat, one of the positive features of Bichons Frise is the relatively low amount of hair shed. This is quite an advantageous trait in this breed's development, especially for people who are subject to allergies to dog hair. Nevertheless, this unique and positive feature of this dog's everyday life should be properly dealt with and owners should never forget to regularly groom the snowy white coat of their Bichon.

Practically no hair shedding

Salivation and drooling restraint level

This condition can become quite relevant in some dog breeds and must also be considered under certain criteria when referring to the Bichon Frise. This type of dog doesn't display relevant issues in this regard, however being able to limit the amount of drooling is connected to the care dedicated to the Bichon's muzzle which, due to its unique coat may require a little more attention. Generally perfectly within range with a tendency to dribble strictly connected to certain times of the day.

Salivation restraint withing average

Easiness to clean

As previously mentioned, Bichons Frise don't have a tendency to moult. A great benefit that however clashes with the unique coloring of the Bichon's fur which therefore requires regular care and attention. This kind of activity will require some of the owner's time, especially if choosing the Havanese variety which displays a longer fur, and a daily inspection of any area that may attract dirt such as the Bichon's face, tail as well as paws and nails.

Sensitive areas must be checked on a daily basis

Health and diseases

Bichons are generally in good health. This breed is actually quite strong despite appearing the very opposite. Nevertheless, some very unique conditions should be taken into consideration. One of these, for example, is the "juvenile cataract" which is an issue also encountered in the Havanese type and relatively quite easy to treat by a veterinarian. Other issues may concern dysplasia and a potential allergy reaction to vaccines, an aspect that should be discussed with your vet.

Generally quite health throughout their life

Tendency to gain weight

Although Bichons find it fairly easy to maintain a good shape, they must be facilitated in achieving this by the attention of a considerate owner who won't let them eat out of measure. The Bichon doesn't eat in large quantities however being comfortable in the household environment may encourage inappropriate behaviors and a sedentary kind of lifestyle. All these aspects could cause weight issues for a Bichon.

Bichons tend to keep in shape

Learning skills

Intelligence and training

Just as many other breeds which appreciate sharing their everyday life with loved ones, the Bichon tends to make the coexistence more involved through a diverse and intelligent kind of interaction. This feature makes the Bichon an appreciated breed when considering a new pet to bring home. A Bichon's intelligence and fondness for interaction can be developed through proper training.

High intelligence and fairly simple to train

Loyalty and inclination to escape

Bichons will hardly try to escape. This dog breed easily adapts to everyday life with its master and follows commands with absolute obedience. Bichons are quite curious and interested in interacting with smaller or peculiar animals however, they are not dogs that tend to run away or at least only limit this to pleasant interactive moments with other animals.

A loyal breed that is not inclined to escape

Inclination to bite

The typical tameness displayed by Bichons can also be seen in their calm and well-mannered behavior around unfamiliar people. As in any dog breed, this trait is driven by the owner's ability to provide certain inputs that can ensure an appropriate response during playtime and interaction. Bichons are perfectly capable of adjusting their bite based on the intentions of the person or animal in front of them. This trait is also found in the Havanese type.

A breed with a great self-control of the biting inclination

Hunt drive

Being a great host of the house, the Bichon won't chase other animals nor will it become stubbornly obsessed with this activity even when in environments outside the household. Bichons are motivated to this kind of activity based on the inclination of the moment and the understanding they have of such interaction. Obviously, the behavior of a Bichon is connected to the type of training it has received.

Inclination within average, depending on training

Inclination to bark or howl

Bichons have a tendency to bark or howl in connection to the use for either action. When a Bichon is in the house it will alert the owner of different situations such as advising of a stranger approaching or simply asking for attention during daily interaction. This dog breed won't abuse this instinct and will only revert to it when appropriate and necessary.

Within the average, it barks when needed

Exercise requirements

Energy level

Bichons are as small as energetic. Bichons will express their need for exercise and fondness of being amongst family members through true energy bursts. A great way to release for this breed that needs a certain amount of daily activity in order to avoid a stress build-up with negative consequences or discomfort that may be a menace for a Bichon's growth.

Rather high energy levels


Given this breed is relatively small in size, we should not expect a substantial level of strength. Bichons are perfectly within average given their size and build. This feature also applies to the Havanese type which tends to be quite tame in behavior and capable of a certain level of strength during moments of energy release but always in connection to the context.

Tameness and strength within the average

Exercise requirements

Both varieties of Bichon have an absolute need for daily exercise. This dog type cannot be separated from the need for exercise and will actually transfer the release of such high energy levels into this kind of activity. This way of sharing daily activities will help strengthen the bond with the owner and reduce the time a Bichon spends alone which should be absolutely avoided with this breed.

Absolute need for daily exercise

Tendency to play

As for daily exercise which can be part of playful interaction, playtime should also be essential for a Bichon. This dog breed has a strong preference for playtime and interaction. Bichons love being involved in new and interesting activities to avoid boredom and develop their intelligence instead which will also strengthen the bond with their master and family members.

Strong inclination to play

Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Learn more