British Bulldog

Also known as: English Bulldog
  • British Bulldog
  • British bulldog

General description

The Bulldog is very fond of living indoors and does not tolerate overly hot or cold climates. This breed displays affection towards the family and kids, and it is capable of a calm response in the presence of unfamiliar people. A Bulldog requires care for its health as well as for the state of its fur. This type of dog needs a decent amount of daily exercise and a limitation to the amount of food ingested. Maintaining a Bulldog will incur moderate expenses.

British Bulldog in short

Aspect and attributes

Characteristics accepts by FCI:

  • Colors: red, fawn, white, black
  • Hair: thick, smooth, short
  • Coats: solid, brindled

The size of a Bulldog is fairly substantial. This is not a massive type of dog as it features fairly short legs however it also has a pronounced muscularity as well as a head and body of decent scale. These body parts are well balanced, thanks especially to an impressive head following a smooth shape when compared to the neck and rest of the body. The Bulldog's face is fairly pronounced and square-shaped whilst the stomach is not very long and featuring a strong bone structure and a well-rounded rib cage.

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Costs and maintenance

The Achilles heel of the Bulldog breed is health, without a doubt. The occurrence and danger of certain diseases must be the main motivation to regularly check on your pet. On top of this, we must consider the subject of food which this breed can consume in large amounts if not adequately monitored. Not a real issue as experienced owners will be capable of measuring their pet's meals and deciding when it should eat. Despite a short coat, Bulldog owners shouldn't underestimate taking regular care of it.

Maintenance cost within average

Characteristics Summary


Suitability to apartment life

The Bulldog loves living in the apartment. This environment must become a Bulldog's kingdom as the breed behaves like a king constantly sitting on its throne, be it a rug, an armchair or the sofa, and glorifying itself with the owner's presence. The ideal space that can be shared with your Bulldog varies in size given this breed doesn't require much living space in its daily life. The main thing is that your pooch has access to a warm place to make itself comfortable while the owner is busy with house chores.

Maximum suitability to apartment life

Tolerance for solitude

Given the Bulldog is capable of enjoying a fairly quiet and homely lifestyle, it is safe to say this breed can generally tolerate being alone in the house for more than a few hours. Bulldogs are not fond of a dynamic kind of lifestyle at home and they enjoy spending their time relaxing and pondering on the deepest aspects of life maybe just walking between rooms now and then simply to make sure everything is fine.

High tolerance for solitude

Suitable as first pet

Life as a Bulldog owners is fairly simple under certain aspects. This type of dog loves being indoors next to the owner, and eating. These traits may hide more than a few disadvantages in this bond however they are easily manageable thanks to the Bulldog's calm nature. Bulldog owners will need to pay attention to their dog's health state, particularly by establishing a rather strict diet that limits any kind of binge which this breed enjoys.

Very suitable as first pet


Despite being identified as a fairly aggressive breed, the Bulldog is in fact an absolutely gentle dog that lives life with a "zen-like" attitude. The Bulldog is a pleasant surprise in this regard because it displays a safe temperament, free from any excessive tantrum. This breed is capable of withstanding fairly noisy environments and responding to commands from the owner without being offended by reprimands.

The Bulldog has quite a tolerant temperament

Tolerance for cold temperatures

One of this breed's weak spots despite a rather substantial physical build is the hardship in trying to tolerate cold temperatures. This type of dog is vulnerable to quite a few weaknesses in this regard also due to the nature of its coat which can't provide adequate protection in harsh climates. This disposition should always be taken into account by owners during the coldest seasons, especially when taking a Bulldog outside.

Very low tolerance for cold temperatures

Tolerance for high temperatures

Warm and especially humid environments may cause obvious distress in a Bulldog. Such a breed should be closely monitored in the hot seasons, particularly in the hours of day where the heat level is quite high. Many owners use special techniques to allow their Bulldog to cool down in these environments, for example by placing a small pool in the backyard where their pooch can find some relief in some cool water.

Very low tolerance for warm temperatures

Friendliness and sociability

Affection towards family

Family is a Bulldog's real home. This breed loves being near the family both at home and outdoors. This kind of bond grows under the radar and it features the great calm with which a Bulldog approaches every single daily activity whilst being displayed through the perseverance in the interaction with family members. Simply being near them gives a Bulldog immense satisfaction.

Absolute affection towards the family

Friendly towards children

As with all other family members, Bulldogs will establish a very formal yet affectionate bond with children. As a general rule, this breed is not really fond of playing with kids however it can be of great company when it feels like it. The great care and consideration that Bulldogs can devote to the youngest members of the family is this breed's specialty. A certain disposition that doesn't come easy in dogs.

Very friendly towards children

Relationship with strangers

A Bulldog's self-control is part of the genetic background of this unique breed. The ability of remaining unmoved by a fairly long list of circumstances is a great advantage for Bulldog owners. People with some kind of apprehension towards dogs will appreciate the calm welcome that a Bulldog will give them in various occasions. This will occur both in the house and in generally crowded public spaces.

Great tolerance towards strangers

Friendliness towards other dogs

The history of the Bulldog breed can clarify the weak inclination towards socializing with other dogs. Quite a challenging limitation for owners in many situations. The Bulldog was essentially created as a fighting breed during the Roman era. This type of setting in the development and training can be found today when working on the interaction of a Bulldog with other dogs. This is when early socialization and the owner's monitoring in certain situations will come in handy.

The Bulldog is not so friendly with other dogs

Care and health

Coat care and shedding

The main aspect controlling the level of moulting is essentially a Bulldog's inclination to react to hot weather in the warmest times of year. Despite featuring a very short coat, Bulldogs can shed quite heavily during certain seasons. Mainly in spring and autumn. This kind of event becomes more pronounced in the hottest seasons when the Bulldog is particularly in distress due to overly warm temperatures. This is when owners should focus on ensuring their pet's coat is in good health and maybe even concentrate on the sensitive areas of the house.

Average moulting

Salivation and drooling restraint level

The jaw structure of a Bulldog is one that can result in a fairly low ability to contain the level of dribbling. There are obviously factors that may increase this kind of phenomenon. Specifically, the Bulldog struggles to limit drooling during the warmest times of year but also during the typical moments of the day such as before a meal or while playing.

Dribbling restraint within average

Easiness to clean

The fairly short fur of the Bulldog is a benefit for those owners that don't want to financially invest much in keeping their dog clean. Your pooch should nonetheless be regularly groomed and, in exchange of the unconditional type of love it gives, your Bulldog should be inspected daily in certain times of day and specific body parts. Thus, the Bulldog's mouth after each meal, and the tail after a daily walk should also be inspected.

The Bulldog is very easy to clean

Health and diseases

Strong muscular build and fairly compact size. This breed appears to have all the right features to enjoy an absolutely healthy life, however this couldn't be more wrong. Bulldogs are actually quite delicate for a great amount of reasons. On top of the typical canine diseases such as dysplasia, the Bulldog is also subject to conditions affecting the eyes and breathing. Bulldog owners are required to pay close attention to these last two aspects in order to ensure a healthy life for their pet.

Bulldogs require constant health monitoring

Tendency to gain weight

The tendency to gain weight is quite a worrying concern with this breed. This type of dog is not exactly fit from the very start and displays fairly strong features in this regard. The Bulldog has a tendency to enjoy a fairly inactive lifestyle and a need for food that is basically endless. Bulldog owners will face a challenge trying to perfectly balance these two aspects of their dog's daily routine by enabling the necessary exercise and considering the possibility that their Bulldog may have access to other food sources outside the regular meals. Blocking any possible use.

The Bulldog has a low inclination to keep fit

Learning skills

Intelligence and training

The fact that this type of dog is not very inclined to be active may help with efficiently channeling the type of training. Bulldogs don't generally require much attentions during training given they tend to adjust certain undesirable behaviors throughout their growth. Enabling your Bulldog to be exposed to other people and dogs will come in handy when teaching your pooch an adequate response in public environments which can pose as a potential danger for both its own health and the one of other living beings.

Intelligence and training within average

Loyalty and inclination to escape

Once the Bulldog is welcomed in a home with a comfy couch, a couple of meals per day and family affection there will be nothing capable of removing it. There are no concerns in relation to a dog breed that spends its days calmly sharing the home environment. Having a fence around the house will be enough to contain any possible escape ambitions in your Bulldog. An opportunity that rarely comes by.

The Bulldog is very loyal and disinclined to escape

Inclination to bite

The weak kind of liking that a Bulldog tends to develop for other dogs may become a threat in this respect, especially for other pets. Bulldogs are gifted with a very strong bite when used to defend a family member or itself during an attack. On the other hand, this breed is not really capable of using this "weapon" during regular interaction. Having access to items made exactly to develop your pet's bite may be very helpful.

Bulldogs have little self-control of bite

Hunt drive

Not so much of a talent for a Bulldog. The Bulldog is clearly not a hunting breed and doesn't have a tendency to interact with other animals, maybe even smaller ones, inside the house. Bulldogs are generally tame dogs that are rarely subject to any crazy tantrum. Nevertheless, just to avoid any possible issue, a fairly sturdy leash may become essential.

Low hunting drive

Inclination to bark or howl

A Bulldog's inclination to bark and howl is strictly connected to this breed's homely nature. In fact, this is where a bark or howl may be caused by a stranger approaching the house or by another animal wandering around the backyard. The Bulldog won't normally abuse this skill and will rather communicate with its eyes. To avoid enabling your pet developing any kind of excess, any unusual behavior should be addressed during training.

A Bulldog will only bark when needed

Exercise requirements

Energy level

This is a calm breed from which we shouldn't expect much in this respect. A Bulldog's daily routine is regular and unambiguous. This type of dog is not capable of displaying high energy levels and any attempt on behalf of the owner towards the opposite direction could miserably fail. Obviously, this trait shouldn't become an excuse for the Bulldog to live an overly inactive lifestyle. Bulldogs too can build up stress (and weight) which means they need a daily outlet to move away from their distinctive slumber.

Low energy levels


Little energy but a sufficient degree of strength when necessary. This kind of inclination can become a problem in inappropriate circumstances. A Bulldog wanting to prove its strength to the owner is a dog that will be hard to stop. The Bulldog's muscular build and powerful bone structure can win against the most strenuous resistance. This is why owners should consider the need for a fairly strong leash and pay close attention at the interaction in the house or during playtime with children.

Tameness and strength within average

Exercise requirements

Owning a Bulldog requires a sort of "personal trainer" attitude. This breed may become a true challenge in this respect. Firstly, because Bulldogs are essentially inactive dogs that enjoy a calm and relaxed daily routine, and secondly because exercise is a vital requirement for their health and shape. Get ready to be patient and don't allow your pooch to entertain a lifestyle made of leisure and food binges.

Strong need for exercise

Tendency to play

When combining this skill to the fairly tame traits of a Bulldog we'll get a clearer idea of this breed's inclination to play. Games are not a Bulldog's main activity however it can be quite responsive if properly stimulated throughout the day. This kind of interaction can become a useful technique to motivate your pooch to be move without being too inactive. Anything is good to keep your Bulldog active. When this breed becomes interested in playing then it can engage in quite pleasant and satisfying activities for both itself and the owner.

Average inclination to play

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