Also known as: Wiener Dog/Hotdog, Sausage Dog, Sosis, Perro Salchicha, Worshond, Taksis, Jamnik, Train kukka, Badger Dog, Tax, Teckel, Dackel, Weenie Dog
  • Dachshund - Short coat
  • Dachshund - Hard coat
  • Dachshund - Long coat
  • Short%20coat
  • Hard%20coat
  • Long%20coat

General description

Dachshunds are suitable to live in apartments and little tolerant towards solitude. This type of dog doesn't tolerate extreme cold or heat and is especially affectionate towards family and kids. Dachshunds may develop a confrontational relationship with strangers and other dogs if not properly socialized. A very loyal breed with a drive to chase and hunt. Your Dachshund requires an adequate amount of exercise and its favorite activities should be different and never repetitive. Maintenance cost for a Dachshund is quite average.

Dachshund in short

Aspect and attributes

Characteristics accepts by FCI:

  • Colors: fawn, grey, black, yellowish, harlequin, brown
  • Hair: wiry, smooth, short, long
  • Coats: double color, solid

The peculiar size of the Dachshund make this type of dog clearly unique. On top of having a particular structure in the legs which are well planted but also very short, a Dachshund features an oddly elongated torso which displays a rather accentuated width around the chest that narrows down moving towards the lower back area. In conjunction with these features, a Dachshund will have a face that is well proportioned with the rest of the body.

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Costs and maintenance

As far as maintenance cost for a Dachshund, this breed sits within range. This breed doesn't need much food and is gifted with a relatively good health throughout its entire life. These factors can be considered in conjunction with a Dachshund's coat care which doesn't require special attention, other than regular checkups and a little more attention for the long-haired variety, bringing this type of dog perfectly within average of other breeds with similar features.

Maintenance cost within average

Characteristics Summary


Suitability to apartment life

Given its size, the Dachshund can be considered a perfect pet for household environments. Nevertheless, we shouldn't be deceived by its looks. This breed has a tendency to seek a certain independence during its everyday life. If this is not possible, a Dachshund may try to gain the owner's attention to advise of this requirement. Being able to enjoy an outdoor space on a daily basis is essential to the Dachshund and this inclination shouldn't be restrained but adequately tamed through training.

Maximum suitability to apartment life

Tolerance for solitude

Quite average in this regard. It is important to acknowledge the daily living conditions of a Dachshund, without neglecting the necessities of the breed which could develop unwanted behaviors when living an overly sedentary lifestyle. Always monitor your Dachshund's activities as it is a fairly delicate breed that may be exposed to injuries when left on its own too long.

Moderately tolerant towards solitude

Suitable as first pet

There are few and useful advices for Dachshund owners as this type of dog is the ideal candidate for people with little experience. Always consider both the pet's needs and your abilities as an owner. Dachshunds don't require specific training however they should always be monitored, especially during their first few months to avoid incurring in undesirable behaviors.

Very suitable as first pet


The Dachshund can prove to be quite stubborn when having to respond to commands given by the owner. This is not a specific feature of the breed but a type of response that can arise when an incorrect training method is applied. Nevertheless, Dachshunds are quite resistant even in front of fairly demanding reprimands. Communicating with your Dachshund won't be difficult even in special situations where a responsive behavior is required of your pet.

The Dachshund has quite a tolerant temperament

Tolerance for cold temperatures

The physical features of the Dachshund are those of a fairly light dog. A well developed muscular structure which creates an elongated and finely shaped body may deceive the eye as this breed is not equipped with a thick fur causing the Dachshund (even the long-haired variety) to suffer in extremely cold climates. This is when daily activity should be assessed without forcing your pet to endure unnecessary efforts in low temperatures.

Very low tolerance for cold temperatures

Tolerance for high temperatures

Moderately resistant to warmer temperatures. After all, its physical traits facilitate the Dachshund during everyday life. Nevertheless, sometimes it is best to consider not exposing your dog to useless distress especially when the humidity level is way above normal parameters. Providing your pet with easy access to water and food during the hottest days and not forcing it to engage in potentially unhealthy activities is always a good idea.

Moderately tolerant to hot weather

Friendliness and sociability

Affection towards family

The Dachshund developed as a breed that can carry out a large number of activities but, over time, it has become more a companion pet. This trait has favored the Dachshund as a pet choice also thanks to the possibility of sharing a fairly small living space with it. Be mindful to try and softened the unique nature of the breed during training. A Dachshund that's not properly socialized can become quite jealous of the owner.

Absolute affection towards the family

Friendly towards children

Always pay attention to the kind of activity a dog can develop with children. Dachshunds are perfect for this kind of interaction but it is important to always monitor how it develops. Young kids may ignore the more delicate features of this breed's nature. A concern that can cause fairly dangerous injuries to your Dachshund. Always be vigilant!

Very friendly towards children

Relationship with strangers

Dachshunds have a tendency to develop an inadequate relationship with strangers. This breed is generally quite suspicious of unfamiliar people and can develop inadequate reactions if the person is approaching inappropriately. This is where an early socialization to people that are not part of a Dachshund's everyday life may come in handy. A good compromise that may assist even during those potentially challenging situations outside the house.

Low tolerance for strangers

Friendliness towards other dogs

Rather than being sociable, a Dachshund may engage in interaction with other dogs because of its pride. Just to clarify, Dachshunds are very calm around other dogs however they tend to always remain suspicious towards them. The possibility of close encounter with another lively pet may bring unwanted consequences. This feature can always be addressed through an adequate exposure to other dogs, enabling the Dachshund to develop an appropriate response even in public spaces.

Moderate friendliness towards other dogs

Care and health

Coat care and shedding

As it regards moulting, Dachshunds follow the typical seasonal events. This breed has quite a resistant and short coat which is one of the reasons why the common tasks performed by a Dachshund have changed overtime. Regardless of the Dachshund variety (short, long or wire-haired), indoor living won't be an issue with a well trained pet, even around delicate furniture such as couches or rugs or certain garments which are naturally more inclined to attract hair .

Minimum shedding

Salivation and drooling restraint level

Few events. The Dachshund has a very uniquely shaped muzzle which doesn't allow for excess build-up relating to the amount of saliva produced. This type of event can occur when your Dachshund senses meal time is approaching or when it finds itself in exceptional situations where the excitement level is higher. Outside of these contexts the Dachshund doesn't represent an issue in this regard.

Dribbling restraint within average

Easiness to clean

As for many other short-haired breeds, the Dachshund will only require cleaning in a few typical situations where the owner is required to regularly inspect its pet. The coat of the Dachshund is resistant but regular grooming shouldn't be neglected. Owners should especially focus on those sensitive areas such as their Dachshund's face right after each meal, and the tail after daily walks. Dachshunds are within the ideal average as far as cleanliness requirements, with only a few exceptions for the long-haired variety.

Ease of cleanliness within average

Health and diseases

From a health perspective, the Dachshund is quite delicate for a number of reasons. A Dachshund's structure is that of a small breed equipped with a rather delicate bone frame. It's essential to always closely monitor the condition of your Dachshund's spine. This body part can develop issues whilst trying to support the mobility of your Dachshund's back legs. Be mindful of any injuries around this specific area.

Dachshunds have a fairly vulnerable health and can develop diseases

Tendency to gain weight

Dachshunds have a faintly hinted tendency to gain weight. This breed is capable of keeping fit throughout its entire lifespan thanks to a rather unique genetic kit. Dachshund owners should nevertheless monitor their dog's diet enabling it to enjoy daily exercise to limit the amount of excess fat. Be careful to limit your pet's access to other food sources.

Great shape for their entire life

Learning skills

Intelligence and training

Dachshunds are very clever and intelligent. These traits are obvious whenever a Dachshund engages in any of the numerous activities it carries out while interacting with the owner. This is an advantage when creating a dialogue with the Dachshund as it allows it to quickly understand the owner's requests. The Dachshund is particularly easy-going during crate-training which becomes a practical advantage in conjunction to the breed's small size during transport.

Great intelligence displayed during training

Loyalty and inclination to escape

A dog's curiosity is hard to control. Although Dachshunds are not gifted with a physical agility that would allow them to overcome obstacles like a fence by jumping over it or by digging, they should still be closely monitored. Monitoring should occur within the household environment and especially outdoors where your pooch could engage in games with other dogs, for example.

Dachshunds are fairly loyal and little inclined to escape

Inclination to bite

When a Dachshund is engaged in a playful interaction with the owner or other dogs it may attempt to nip as a part of the game. Generally, Dachshunds don't have a tendency to bite outside of these contexts excluding the case in which may be attacked by another dog. In some cases, you may want to allow your Dachshund to play with safe objects that may help it develop the use of bites which remains an action that your pet will perform responsibly.

Great self-control of nipping

Hunt drive

As strange as it may seem, the Dachshund was created as a hunting breed. This was the main duty of this type of dog during the initial phases of its training. This duty was then pushed aside by the tendency to develop features belonging more to a companion pet than any other working dog breed. Nevertheless, some hunting traits are still present in the Dachshund which doesn't scorn chasing smaller animals as a recreational activity.

Strong hunting drive

Inclination to bark or howl

The disposition of a Dachshund to bark or howl may deceive those interacting with this breed in the vicinity of its own home, for example. The bark of the Dachshund is quite deep in tone considering the size of the breed and it is due to a unique structure of its rib cage. The Dachshund won't be vocal for no reason and will only resort to barks and howls in certain situations, obviously provided that this kind of inclination is adequately assessed through training.

A Dachshund will only bark when needed

Exercise requirements

Energy level

Within average. After all, the physical properties of the Dachshund don't really tell a different story. This breed features fairly short legs which don't have the best responsiveness, especially the back ones. The Dachshund can still put its energy to good use and in certain situations its inclination to build up excess stress may represent a danger if not adequately released, especially when your pet is in the house.

Energy levels within average


Don't expect much from a Dachshund's as it regards its level of strength. This is not a breed that will engage in exceptional performance but this is mainly what makes the Dachshund suitable to live in a unit. This can become an advantage when in public without much time to focus on chasing your dog back and forth around the neighborhood. All you'll need to overcome any rebellious act from your Dachshund is a leash.

Tameness and strength within average

Exercise requirements

An appropriate daily exercise routine is essential for a Dachshund, without pushing it too far in light of its physical features. Exercise will help maintaining an adequate level of stress without forcing your pet to a challenging lifestyle. Nothing too extreme: an hour a day will be enough to have a healthy, fit and most of all happy and responsive Dachshund.

Average need for exercise

Tendency to play

The drive to play is on of the most pleasant traits in a Dachshund. This type of dog is capable of engaging in a variety of different activities with the owner and family members. Dachshunds can chase and run quite the distance as well as play with other objects in intelligent and never dull ways. An essential premise to keep your pooch interested during interaction which should be diversified and never boring to avoid having a Dachshund that is not inclined to perform other activities.

Strong inclination to play

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