English Bull Terrier

Also known as: English Bull Terrier, Bully, The White Cavalier, Gladiator, The Gentleman's Companion
  • English Bull Terrier - Miniature
  • English Bull Terrier - Regular size
  • Miniature
  • Regular%20size

General description

Bull Terriers will adapt to indoor living however they will feel the need for daily activity. A Bully doesn't tolerate low temperatures too well however it will prove to be quite resistant in rather hot climates. Bull Terriers are quite fond of any interaction with their owner or family members and, provided they receive relevant training, they prove to have a pretty good self-control. High energy levels and natural strength. Maintenance cost is within average if compared with other dog breeds.

English Bull Terrier in short

  • Group 3: Terriers
  • Height from 10 to 110 cm
  • Weight from 1 to 110 kg
  • Longevity from 11 to 14 years

Aspect and attributes

Characteristics accepts by FCI:

  • Colors: red, fawn, white
  • Hair: wiry, short
  • Coats: tricolor, brindled

There are two varieties of Bull Terrier which can be distinguished by their size. Specifically there is a Miniature Bull Terrier and a Regular size Bull Terrier. Both these varieties will have well proportioned paws and a rather elongated head. The main difference can actually be found in the smaller details rather than the actual proportions, which are well balanced in both types of Bull Terrier.

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Costs and maintenance

As it regards maintenance expenses, the Bull Terrier is not too demanding. The highest expenditures will be in relation to a Bully's diet, which should be balanced and never exceed daily amounts, and its health which is however quite good if regularly monitored. As it regards the expenses for taking care of a Bully's coat, these are within average however with particular attention to the most sensitive areas especially after your pet has been outside or near other animals.

Maintenance cost on average

Characteristics Summary


Suitability to apartment life

Many factors contribute to making Bull Terriers not suitable for apartment life. Despite being of relatively average size and being able to adapt in rather small environments, this breed's high energy levels and need for daily interaction may suffer from this kind of environment. This type of dog may be a danger for many areas of the house where delicate objects may reside, therefor it is important to monitor a Bull Terrier and get it used to a certain type of interaction within the household.

Relatively suitable to live in units

Tolerance for solitude

Bull Terriers are absolutely not inclined to entertaining a lonely lifestyle. This type of everyday life can carry unpleasant consequences, especially within a fairly small house. Leaving a Bull Terrier alone in the house, knowing this breed loves interaction and doesn't appreciate a sedentary lifestyle, means having a dog with a rather destructive behavior in an environment filled with delicate objects it can destroy. This is simply another way to take all responsibilities off its shoulders and allow your Bull Terrier to do as it pleases.

Low tolerance to being left alone

Suitable as first pet

The features of a Bull Terrier are a reason for serious consideration for those about to choose this dog breed as first pet. This is not an easy breed to manage and a Bull Terrier could easily take over an insecure owner and decide how to behave in different circumstances. This is a relevant feature that may bring inexperienced owners to choose a different breed as their first one, unless obviously they are skilled to raise and train a Bull Terrier in the appropriate manner.

Not quite suitable as first pet


Bull Terriers have quite a rebellious temperament. This feature is connected to their ability to act almost independently from the commands of an overly timid master. A certain type of approach that will bring a Bull Terrier to develop a dominant behavior towards the master, even in the presence of firm reprimands. A circumstance that should never be tested in public places or amongst other people and animals, perhaps the more excitable ones that may nonetheless be quite smaller in size compared to a Bully.

Quite tolerant if properly trained

Tolerance for cold temperatures

The coat of a Bull Terrier is fairly short and leaves some sensitive areas uncovered. This breed will clearly display discomfort even in not overly cold temperatures. It is important to assess the need to take a Bull Terrier out during the really cold days and, if absolutely necessary like in the case of its daily exercise time, consider using a jacket to cover the most sensitive areas.

Low tolerance to cold temperature

Tolerance for high temperatures

Bull Terriers are much more comfortable with higher temperatures than they are with cold ones. The tolerance that this type of sturdy dog has towards hot weather, especially during exercise is quite famous. The Bully's resistance to this type of environment could be seen as a challenge to your own endurance and your pet may very easily be the winner. Always keep in mind that all dogs need access to refreshments quite often during particularly hot days. Never leave your pet without a water bowl.

Very tolerant to high temperatures

Friendliness and sociability

Affection towards family

Bull Terriers are capable of great displays of affection towards their family. The nature of Bullys is to develop a very protective relationship with all family members and enjoy any kind of activity that involves interaction with them, even when quite extended in time. If trained this way, Bull Terriers can develop a special bond with their loved ones; a relationship that will satisfy the expectations of both the owner and all family members.

Very affectionate towards the family

Friendly towards children

It is best to assess the possibility of having a Bull Terrier in a family with little kids. Bullys are quite vigorous and full of energy: they can easily engage in any type of interaction with older children however, it is recommended to always monitor this breed when interacting with younger or unfamiliar kids. The advice is to monitor the interaction between dogs and children, under all circumstance.

Very friendly yet requiring supervision

Relationship with strangers

The level of tolerance towards strangers in a Bull Terrier is strictly connected to an adequate socialization. If a Bull Terrier senses signs of aggressiveness in the interlocutor then it may in response become aggressive or difficult to manage. It is essential that Bull Terrier owners spend time providing their pet with the appropriate socialization.

Quite tolerant towards strangers

Friendliness towards other dogs

As for the interaction with humans, is important to always allow an early exposure to other dogs so to facilitate the interaction even in public, regardless of these being smaller or larger than your Bull Terrier. This is when the owner's presence becomes essential to assess how positive the interaction between dogs may be during those key moments.

Quite friendly towards other dogs

Care and health

Coat care and shedding

A great benefit for fairly busy people who also own a Bull Terrier. The relatively low presence of hair on a Bull Terrier makes it an incredibly clean pet for happy indoor coexistence. A Bully's fur should however receive regular care and this becomes essential during times when moulting becomes more apparent. Grooming, even if superficial should occur at least a few times per week in order to maintain a clean and silky coat.

Minimum shedding

Salivation and drooling restraint level

A Bull Terrier's tendency to dribble is definitely contained. This type of dog doesn't display particular drooling issues which will normally only occur when a Bully is excited or during strenuous exercise. Moreover, this only really happens for limited amounts of time without becoming an issue for your pet and the most sensitive areas of the house.

Dribbling restraint quite effective

Easiness to clean

A Bull Terrier's obvious inclination towards outdoor spaces rather than calmer household environments can represent an issue for those owners who pay little attention to their pet's need for cleanliness. Despite the Bully's short fur being a great advantage for owners, they should still factor in regular grooming and daily inspection of this breed's sensitive areas such as the mouth and tail as well as its paws.

Moderate grooming requirements

Health and diseases

Bull Terriers are generally pretty healthy throughout their entire life thanks to the quite strong nature of this robust breed. Bullys aren't usually affected by particular diseases and will develop issues only when neglected or in case these were inherited. Normally, a Bull Terrier can develop skin allergies such as rashes and similar issues; some individuals may develop deafness in one or both ears. These issues must be dealt with through regular and thorough monitoring of this breed.

Generally a healthy breed

Tendency to gain weight

The athletic nature of the Bull Terrier is definitely an advantage in maintaining a good shape compared to a little weight gained during less active periods. Thanks to a responsible owner who is able to balance their pet's food intake without exceeding two meals per day, Bull Terriers are quite capable of keeping their proportion without any sign of weight gain.

Bull Terriers will generally keep fit

Learning skills

Intelligence and training

The Bully's intelligence is stimulated through the natural inclination towards practical activities with loved ones and, most of all, the owner. This is an important trait in Bull Terriers as they are capable of adequately understanding commands given by an expert master, whilst they will display some discomfort when trying to interact with inexperienced owners who are not keen enough to provide their pet with relevant training.

Quite intelligent breed during training

Loyalty and inclination to escape

Once a Bull Terrier has learned to share its everyday life with the owner and all family members it will hardly disobey their commands. The Bull Terrier is an absolutely loyal pet who loves spending time with the master and is not particularly inclined to sudden escape attempts. This tendency must obviously be facilitated by the owner's skill in applying a relevant training method.

Highly loyal dog throughout its entire life

Inclination to bite

The Bull Terrier's tendency to bite is quite a controversial subject. This breed is fairly independent and perfectly aware of the directions coming from the "alpha dog" which will mean Bull Terriers won't be an issue for other people or pets. Nevertheless, this trait is strictly connected to the master's ability to provide the appropriate input and preventing the Bully from performing unusual actions. Simply a matter of training.

Quite calm as it regards self-control and any nipping inclination

Hunt drive

The greatly dynamic nature of the Bull Terrier is behind its attraction towards active objects or living beings in the surroundings during its daily exercise activity. On one side, a Bully will be curious of such presence however, on the other end it will be worried for the owner's safety in the event that this may be threatened. The Bull Terrier's ability to hunt a prey is driven by these two specific aspects.

High drive to hunt a prey down

Inclination to bark or howl

Whether interacting with the owner or scanning a stranger or unfamiliar animal approaching, or even when amongst other excited animals in a public space, Bull Terriers love to communicate and alert their master of something grabbing their attention. This breed will usually bark even at home to signal that a stranger is approaching. Therefore, the Bull Terrier is a dog that barks for a reason and not simply as an act in itself.

A Bully always barks when necessary

Exercise requirements

Energy level

Bull Terriers have high energy levels. Bullys will store their energy whilst indoors and release it once interacting with their owner during their daily walk. For this reason, it is advisable not to keep an Bull Terrier in the house too long as it could build up anxiety due to its high energy levels and release it in the household maybe even around delicate objects.

Very high energy levels


The level of strength differs in the two varieties of Bull Terrier, the miniature and regular ones. Nothing too substantial but rather a small difference relating to this parameter which only those about to choose a Bull Terrier will often need to consider. Generally, Bull Terriers will display high energy levels due to their athletic build and will tend to display this disposition during their daily activities. Indulge them!

Quite substantial strength

Exercise requirements

Bull Terriers suffer whenever they are unable to perform any activity that involves exercise on a daily basis. This breed is rather active and can't really exist outside of this trait. Before thinking about purchasing a Bull Terrier, its need for daily activity and exercise should be seen as an essential factor to consider thoroughly. Such activity is practically impossible to neglect in order to maintain a mentally and physically healthy Bull Terrier.

Bull Terriers need plenty of daily exercise

Tendency to play

This is one of the ways a Bull Terrier can keep fit and, most of all, practice daily exercise. Bull Terriers are quite playful and well inclined to interact with the owner or any family member in this regard. Nevertheless, careful attention should be given to interaction with children. Given Bullys are strong dogs, playtime with kids, especially if outside of adult supervision is not advisable.

A dog breed extremely fond of playtime

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