Also known as: Rottie, Rott
  • Rottweiler
  • Rottweiler

General description

Rottweilers are dogs gifted with powerful yet elegant looks that however have a reputation of being vicious and aggressive. In fact, Rottweilers are very loving and playful dogs with a complex nature and which can often be stubborn as well as dominant. A Rottweiler needs steady leadership from experienced owners who can train it well and know how to impose themselves as masters. The Rottweiler's lively intelligence pushes it to engage in a task but this dog also requires to unwind through play. A well trained Rottweiler pooch with a balanced variety of activities in life will be a loyal and lovingly dedicate companion. However, a Rottweiler that is improperly trained or neglected can become hard to manage and even aggressive especially towards strangers and other dogs.

Rottweiler in short

Aspect and attributes

Characteristics accepts by FCI:

  • Colors: red, fawn, black, brown
  • Hair: wiry, smooth
  • Coats: markings, double coated

Rottweilers are large-sized dogs that can reach 68 cm at the withers and weigh up to 50 kg. As Rotties are muscular and powerful dogs, they can intimidate people for better (such as when raised as guard dog) and for worse.

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Costs and maintenance

A Rottweiler puppy with pedigree and purchased from a reliable breeder can cost between 600 and 1000 €. This breed falls in the medium-high cost range. A Rottweiler has quite the appetite however it doesn't require any special food. Grooming is easy and can be done at home with no need to use a professional service. Be mindful of medical expenses as Rottweilers can be subject to different health problems.

Purchase and maintenance quite expensive

Characteristics Summary


Suitability to apartment life

The Rottweiler is a powerful and very smart dog breed with a remarkable inclination to work. Basically, a Rottweiler needs something to do in order to channel its energy. For this reason, a Rottweiler doesn't conform well to life in a unit. Being a working dog, a Rottweiler will shine when given a clear task which is thought during training.

A dog breed that doesn't easily adapt to apartment life

Tolerance for solitude

Rottweilers are deeply attached to their owner and family, and don't tolerate being on their own. Rotties love being amongst others so they suffer when left alone and can become aggressive. This type of dog needs a master that can demonstrate safe and consistent leadership whilst assigning duties to which a Rottweiler needs to apply.

The Rottweiler doesn't tolerate being in solitude

Suitable as first pet

A Rottweiler is definitely not suitable for inexperienced owners. This breed was created to protect and guard through a strong personality which needs to be firmly shaped through a steady kind of leadership. Put a Rottweiler in inadequate hands and it will easily become the master of the owner, and considering this dog's size and power this can be quite a dangerous situation.

A breed absolutely unsuited for unskilled owners


As every working breed, Rottweilers are also deeply connected to their owners and tenderhearted towards them. A Rottweiler needs a regular schedule and a peaceful lifestyle as well as a firm and strict guidance from an experienced leader. Choose a different dog breed if you have little spare time or an erratic lifestyle.

A fairly sensitive breed that needs regularity

Tolerance for cold temperatures

Despite originating from Germany and having a rather thick fur, this type of dog doesn't have a great tolerance for low temperatures. In winter, a Rottie must have a warm cover to find shelter such as a padded bed if living outdoors however, your pet will be happier to be in the warmth of the house with the family.

The Rottweiler suffers in cold weather

Tolerance for high temperatures

Heat can be an issue for a Rottweiler however it tolerates it better than other molossoid breeds. When it's hot, your Rottweiler should have access to shade, shelter and a good stock of water. Keep in mind that larger breeds drink more when it's warmer in order to replenish the fluids lost through perspiration.

Moderate distress in heat but less than other molossoid dog breeds

Friendliness and sociability

Affection towards family

Rottweilers are extremely affectionate towards their family and master: they love them deeply and protect them at all cost. Female Rotties are especially loving but males can be very affectionate too. Seeing a Rottweiler following family members around the house so it can curl up on their feet and make sure they are never in danger is actually quite normal.

A breed that is very affectionate towards the family

Friendly towards children

This strong and unfortunately infamous breed is actually really gentle and loving with kids. Nevertheless, as for any type of dog, the Rottweiler should never be left amongst children without supervision. The main reason is that a Rottweiler can have a tendency to try and gather kids by pushing them as it would do with livestock and therefore making them fall to the ground.

Friendly towards children but never to be left alone without supervision

Relationship with strangers

Rottweilers are guard dogs, specifically bred to protect. These days, you'll find friendlier Rottweilers however socialization at a young age is the deciding factor. A Rottie raised and exposed to many people at a young age won't be aggressive or suspicious towards strangers unless, obviously they represent a threat.

Protective and vigilant breed although this will depend on the level of socialization

Friendliness towards other dogs

This dog breed has a tendency to protect the territory even from other dogs. Male Rotties especially are not fond of other dogs and may become aggressive towards them. However, the difference will be again in what you teach your Rottie as a puppy. If a Rottweiler is exposed to other dogs as if it was the norm then your pet will be more sociable.

Territorial breed that can drive other dogs away

Care and health

Coat care and shedding

The Rottweiler's double and medium-length fur goes through two moulting periods: one in spring and one in autumn. During these seasons, shedding is quite copious and can be pretty annoying in the house. The length and thickness of the coat will vary depending on where your pet lives - indoors or outdoors - and, therefore a Rottweiler living in the house will have shorter and thinner fur.

Heavy moulting twice a year

Salivation and drooling restraint level

This dog breed drools quite heavily although not excessively, particularly when it is hungry, excited or hot. There are no issues if your Rottie lives outside while it may leave some saliva marks on rugs and couches.

A Rottweiler dribbles a fair bit

Easiness to clean

Rottweilers are quite easy to clean. Regular brushing, especially during moulting seasons (spring and autumn) and a bath now and then will be sufficient. There is no need for professional grooming. Naturally, a pet that lives outside can be brushed even less as it will lose the excess hair without the issue of it lying around the house.

Easy to maintain clean

Health and diseases

Sadly, Rottweilers are subject to various genetic diseases. As all larger breeds, Rotties can be affected by dysplasia to their hips as well as elbows. This breed can be prone to osteosarcoma, an aggressive type of bone cancer that unfortunately displays in many large dog breeds. Another potential issue is stomach torsion, again very common amongst large dog types.

Rottweilers are vulnerable to multiple diseases

Tendency to gain weight

Rottweilers have a strong tendency to gain weight and for this reason their diet must be followed carefully. Rottweilers are greedy, gifted with a big appetite and a tendency to eat more than they should. Owners are responsible for feeding their pooches based on their lifestyle (i.e exercise amount, indoor or outdoor lifestyle, etc).

The Rottweiler breed has a strong tendency to gain weight

Learning skills

Intelligence and training

A very smart breed which is suitable for training as it learns quickly, and working. Actually, working and training will give your Rottie the mental structure it requires to be peaceful and calm. It can be stubborn and dominant therefore it needs a firm master who can offer a safe and indisputable leadership.

Greatly intelligent and suitable for training

Loyalty and inclination to escape

This dog breed has a strong disposition to protect and defend the territory. Rottweilers are not prone to leave the people or territory they are protecting although they may if they are chasing an enemy, another dog or a prey. Generally, the protective instinct of a Rottweiler will prevail on the predator drive.

Rottweilers have no tendency to run away

Inclination to bite

A bite from a Rottweiler can be extremely dangerous, luckily though this breed doesn't have a natural tendency to be aggressive. The important thing is that, those adopting a Rottweiler are aware of what they're doing, and choose a firm and strict training method to provide their pooch with daily guidance. Such a breed cannot be neglected otherwise it can become excessively protective or dominant and therefore a menace.

Rottweilers don't have a tendency to bite if 're well trained

Hunt drive

The Rottweiler has a fairly remarkable predator instinct and can embark on a chase of a wild animal or unfortunate cat. If you're planning on adopting a Rottie and already have cats (or maybe your neighbors have them), you should get a puppy and immediately expose it to sharing space with other animals.

Quite a strong predator drive

Inclination to bark or howl

This breed barks a lot. After all, Rottweilers are convinced that it is their job and integral part of their role as house and family protectors. A Rottweiler will bark profusely and powerfully with a strong voice that may cause trouble with the neighbours or scare postmen and passers-by away. Don't choose this breed if you're not willing to put up with its powerful voice (and maybe some complaints from your next door neighbours).

A Rottie will bark a lot while guarding

Exercise requirements

Energy level

Energetic but not hyperactive: Rottweilers are perfect as working dogs. Rottweilers will carry out any task they are trained for with dedication and maximum effort. A Rottweiler needs to keep busy as part of its nature just as much as it needs to play and have fun. Don't think for a second you can keep your Rottie in a fenced space without paying any attention to it.

A dog breed that needs to engage and receive attention


A powerful breed that must be well trained or it can become hard to manage. Not suitable for inexperienced people who can be easily overpowered by a Rottweiler's strong nature and physical force. Don't forget that a Rottweiler can make people around it quite nervous even when it's tame, hence another reason to stress the importance of training.

Strong dog that can be hard to manage

Exercise requirements

In order to be a good owner to a Rottweiler it's important to take responsibility for its exercise and motivation needs. As already mentioned, this very smart and powerful breed needs a task to perform in order to be happy. At the same time, it also needs to play and relax. In short, a Rottweiler will be a complex pet to manage but it will repay the owner with unconditional love and absolute dedication.

A Rottweiler needs to work and have fun

Tendency to play

Despite the undeserved reputation of vicious dogs, Rottweilers love to play. Playing is a natural instinct originating from a Rottweiler's large size and great intelligence as much as it is a strong necessity. Playing helps a Rottweiler relax and forget about the "job" whether it is a real assigned task or a self-assigned one, such as protecting the family.

A dog breed that loves to play

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