This is quite a consistent group in both the physical features and behavior. Due to the devotion to the owner, dogs belonging to this group are mainly used as self-defense or guard. Nevertheless, breeds of this group are defined by their aggressiveness and fighting spirit. These types of dog require a firm master who can manage them without a problem. It is very important to socialize your pet starting as a puppy with both other dogs and people outside the family circle.
Dogs belonging to this group have been used to control large flocks of sheep and cattle herds. They still, to this day maintain such a skill. These dogs are energetic, intelligent and serious and fond of spending time with the family.
Terriers are the little rascals in the canine world. Their name comes from Latin and it means "dirt" in reference to the breed's love for digging while flushing preys such as foxes, moles, badgers and rats. Terriers are available in a wide range of shapes and sizes however they all share an over-the-top, lively and mischievous personality as well as an energetic nature. They are always very active and ready to play plus they require regular exercise. Given they are excitable with a tendency to bark constantly, Terriers are difficult to manage especially for those living in an apartment block.
Typical trait of Dachshunds is that their hight is proportionally shorter than their body length, they are alert with a lively nature although they can become docile, loyal and great companion dogs if adequately trained. Dachshunds tend to be affectionate and playful, they love hunting and swimming although this inclination tends to decrease with the advancing of age or in case of illness.
Alert and active, these dogs have a natural drive to hunt which will often bring them to follow a scent rather than the owner's commands, a tendency that requires the use of a leash during daily walks where the Pointer will always be searching for scents and trails to follow.
Sighthounds are associated with the racing world and are a very ancient breed, are the most consistent group both from a morphological and behavioral point of view and the only differences within the group are in the size and kind of coat. These dogs are suspicious, private, not very aggressive nor combative. These are highly athletic dogs that are also great runners and these traits require daily exercise.
This group counts the most widespread dogs in Italy, they are independent by nature, hard to train but friendly and never territorial, they are not suitable as guard dogs but perfect companion pets. Dogs belonging to this group have a strong need to exercise and this inclination makes them unsuitable for apartment life. They are generally strong, intelligent and fearless.
Hunting dogs are probably the most ancient breed. There are two types of hunting dogs: those that hunt with sight and those that follow a scent which are named scenthounds. Sighthounds are elegant and fast like the Maserati of the canine world whilst Scenthounds are like a four-wheel drive as they are stronger and reliable. These are not aggressive nor fighting dogs.
Their name derives from the fact that they don't chase a prey but rather signal it to the hunter and they are mainly used to hunt pheasants and partridges. In the past, Pointers used to sit like the English Setter which takes the name from the word "to sit", nowadays these dogs tend to signal the prey in a standing position by lifting the front leg. This breed is also referred to as Pointing Dog from which the word Pointer derives. The Bracco Italiano and all European Pointers belong to this group.
From a morphological point of view this is the most diverse group and dogs are bred to be companions for people which is maybe the most important thing a dog can do. All dogs capable of sharing a domestic lifestyle with man have been included in the Companion Dog group. Therefore, these dogs are limited in size and defined by a strong devotion towards family, they are very sociable, lively and playful dogs that easily adapt to apartment life. As far as their temperament, dogs of this group are eternal puppies that are always looking for attention and with a natural drive to play. As Companion Dogs have never had to work in a partnership with man they are not easy to train.